How the Domain Name and Web Hosting of a Website are Related

Many people are clueless on what the link is between domain name and web hosting and the differences between the two. Therefore, to make it clear website monitoring pricewe have come up with points in this article.

Domain name and web hosting
A domain name is the name in the text form to represent an IP address as the IP address many not be easy to remember. It’s the IP address that helps people access your website. To link up this domain name with IP address, you need to approach a web hosting company. Whereas a web hosting service provider is a space on the internet server which stores web pages, database, content and hosts them.

The relation between the two is that when you have created your website to be visible to the people on the Web, you should have a domain name that is registered with the web hosting company so that people can identify your website in the search engines and can access it.

Domain name registration with a web hosting company

To register your domain name, you have to approach your web hosting company so that they can link your domain name with the IP address. With this, your site will be visible on the Web. Even though there is a small link in between the two they are completely independent of each other. Every website should have a domain name and web hosting. If there is no domain name you can’t locate data in a website and without web hosting, you can’t register your domain name and get visible. The domain will have the hosted files with the registered domain name, which people can identify and remember easily. The webhost service and the domain name associated with a website are thus related. But the fact is they are independent ofwebsite monitoring service each other, but work together to bring the site live.

Having a clarity on the how the domain name and webhost of a website related, it’s time to consider for a domain name. Start a website with a good
domain name registered with your web hosting company and get benefited. But you need to be careful while choosing a host as they control and manage your site and issues related to your site. Getting a good hosting service is somewhat difficult, but with thorough research you can achieve it.


Understanding the requirement of Bandwidth

We generally hear a lot about bandwidths and data transfers while choosing the hosting service for our websites. Even if we are not website owners, sometimes we face trouble with our home internet service providers in terms of connection speed while downloading or uploading files. Technically speaking bandwidth is defined as the range of frequency, through which the data can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time. In the business perspective, it describes the ability to handle certain amount of traffic and quantity of data that can be transferred through a network connection between the website and internet user. It can be confusing to decide on the amount of bandwidth required if we are dealing with it for the first time, but remember if our website is under-performing below expectations then it is time to rethink about our hosting plan.

How to decide on the bandwidth requirement?

Well, there are no specific statistics on how much bandwidth should be allocated for a website but broadly speaking, if it has limited number of visitors per month then there is nothing to worry too much about the network bandwidth and you can go for any basic to medium hosting plans. On the other hand, if the website is having heavy traffic with audio & video files, images, and other online applications included, then there is always a need to upgrade the existing plan to higher bandwidths to give faster and better user browsing experience. Remember, the higher the bandwidth, the faster will be the speed & performance, and more traffic it can accommodate to visit the site.

Upstream & downstream data

There are many things that users would do other than browsing when they are on the internet – emails, chats, messaging, file sharing etc. In most of these cases, either they will be downloading the information to their personal PCs or uploading the data from the device to the internet. Most of the internet service providers specifically mention upstream & downstream bandwidths to make it clear to their users about the limitation in data transfers. In fact, many of them offer high downstream bandwidths compared to its counterpart because that is what most of the internet users also prefer. Conversely, it is the upstream bandwidth that really matters when sending of data is critical, especially for businesses that deal with lot of file uploads in their web server applications.

Factors that affect the bandwidth

  • Multiple devices on a single connection
    The bandwidth gets distributed as the number of devices increase which means when multiple users are using the same connection, only a limited bandwidth gets allocated to each device. In such cases, the rate at which data gets transferred will be very slow and requires an upgrade for higher hosting plans for faster response. When using wireless routers, each protocol will be assigned with specific bandwidth and the users connecting to those protocols will have limitation on the usage.
  • Other system processes
    Apart from the internet, there are other processes that are mandatory to keep our system running perfectly without any problem. Most often we notice our systems running very slow while executing automatic OS updates and antivirus security checks. This is because uploads and downloads that happen during these processes consume the existing internet bandwidth and make the system little bit slower than its original speed.
  • Number of internet tasks
    This is almost same as running multiple users on a single connection. As the number of internet based processes increases, which means if there are more than five tasks running simultaneously, then the bandwidth gets distributed and each one runs at a slower speed. The downstream and upstream data reach their maximum available limit, and processes hardly respond to our instructions when given. Hence to increase the speed and make the efficient use of maximum available bandwidth, perform the tasks one at a time instead of running them simultaneously.

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Various Labor Law Posters

Labor law posters play a big role in regulatory compliance and employee education at your business. These posters not only serve to inform your employees of their employment rights and labor but helps to keep your company abide with labor law regulations.

Employers are required to display various federal and state law posters in their work place. Some of the law posters are required to be within the view of the employees while others should be available to job applicants also.

The requirement set by federal and state law varies depending upon the type of industry, type of business and number of businesses.

Federal labor law posters: Federal labor law posters implements the set of rules to point out the basic requirements and need of the work force such as the information about salaries, wage criteria, hours of working and service agreements.

  • The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): It sets standards for minimum wage.
  • Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA): This act applies to all private and public agencies with 50 or more employees. It is eligible for employees if they have worked for at least one year and have 1250 hours of service over the past 12 months.
  • Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO): It is the poster that should be posted in a place where it can be in access with job applicants. The law prevents employers from denying equal opportunities in promotion, hiring, training, member ship and other aspects of employment based on color, religion, gender and disability. This law helps to protect job applicants and employees from discrimination in employment opportunities.
  • Employee Polygraph Protection Act (EPPA): This act bars employers from using polygraph tests for pre-employment screening and during employment course. Also employers are restricted from discriminating, terminating and disciplining an job applicant or an employee for denial to take a test.
  • Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
  • Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA)

State labor law posters: In addition to the above mentioned federal laws, employers must also display state law posters. Here are some categories:

  • State minimum wage
  • Workers’ compensation
  • State-run OSHA programs
  • Equal employment
  • Unemployment insurance
  • Right to work or right to know
  • Disability
  • Discrimination
  • Payday notice
  • No smoking notices

Knowing what labor laws to display is difficult to determine as you will not get information readily available at one place. There are many laws that businesses need to abide with and these laws vary from state to state. These laws change through out the year and you should be updated with the posters each time if there is a mandatory change.
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Compliance under OSHA

OSHA requires employers who are covered under OSHA to give the safe workplace for their employees. In order to prove the safe workplace, the employers should be in compliance. They should also make sure that the employees know their rights on the workplace. Apart from this, OSHA also needs employers to meet the reporting and paperwork requirements. If the employers don’t comply with these, they will be subjected to penalties and fines. So, if you are an employer, you need know the compliance under the OSHA from the following information.

Keeping certain records
OSHA have several rules regarding the record keeping; and it varies from employer to employer; and one set of rules may be applicable for only a few employers. To know them in detail, you have to refer the handbook of OSHA record keeping available in the official website of OSHA. But, there are some generally applicable record keeping rules such as, keeping the records of illness, work related records, or injuries records; and records of the efforts in complying with OSHA and their actions for preventing the workplace illness and the injuries.

Few exceptions of the record keeping requirements are: if your organization have only ten or very few employees, the records are to be kept only if the OSHA particularly asks you to do so; and it is even applicable for the low hazard service or retail industry such as, advertising or banking.

Reporting serious injuries and deaths
Though the employers are covered by the record keeping requirements or not, they have to report about the accident to OSHA within 8 hours after the incident took place, if it results in hospitalization or death of three or more employees. Complaint can be made through a call to the local OSHA office or can be reported directly in person.

Posting information
The employers who are covered under the OSHA should post the information such as, an OSHA poster containing the information about the rights and obligations of the employees under OSHA, recent actions that OSHA officers issued to the employers, employer petition filed for abatement or the modification, etc. In addition to these, if the employer is covered by the OSHA, record keeping of requirements that are explained above is a must. The employer must post the log and summary of occupational injuries and illness. Most of the employers will need only the poster containing “Job safety and health”, and the posters can be obtained from the agency’s website.

Submitting to inspection
As a part of the general enforcement duty or in response to the specific complaint, the compliance officer can inspect your workplace, at any time. Although you can demand for the warrant from the officer before doing the inspection, you need to allow them for inspection once the warrant will be given to you by the officer. During the inspection, if the officer finds that you are violating the law in some or other way, they will issue a citation as well as a notification of the penalty, which informs you about the exact violation, and sets some proposed time for correcting the violation. It proposes a penalty that is however nominal.

This is all about the compliance under OSHA.
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SSL Certificate and Its Benefits

SSL certificates are small data files. These files are digitally bind with a cryptographic key to the details. It allows a secure connection when installed on a web server through a padlock and the https protocol. This is typically used for secure data transfer, credit card transactions, logins, and for the security of social media sites, etc. These certificates include – domain name and host or server name. So, in order to initiate the secure connections, organizations need to install SSL certificates. Apart from this, it also offers many benefits to the websites. They are listed below.

Benefits of SSL certificates

Encrypts data
The major purpose of this SSL certificates is to encrypt the data that is getting passed from source to destination – so that it can only read and understand the information. When the information is passed from one computer to other, several third-party computers may involve and may adversely access the data. But, if you have the SSL certificate, it will insert random characters to ensure the encryption of the original data with the help of an encryption key that secures the original information.

Provides authentication
These certificates will ensure that the information present in the website along with the customer information goes to the right server without any interception. Along with the SSL certificate, you will also be issued a server certificate which could be seen by the customers. This will ensure that the provider of SSL certificate is trusted by the customers. Customers can also validate that the SSL certificate is updated and whether the page is trusted or not.

Helps in accepting payments for e-commerce websitescheck website status
All that an e-commerce website needs is, a trusted and dedicated SSL certificate that can ensure the authentication of your website. To meet the compliance with payment card industry, all online businesses must have an SSL certificate with right strength of encryption of at-least 128-bit. They must provide secure private connection on the page for taking the user’s personal information. If these standards aren’t met, the site will not be able to take up the payments.

Protects from phishing
Phishing mails will link to some fake sites that have advertisements or shipping information, where the customer will be asked to enter the personal and credit card information which is for the malicious use. However, these sites will not be simply given the SSL certificates. So, the customer will be able to know that the site is not trusted and they will navigate to other sites.

Gains brand power and customer trust
Sites that have SSL certificates will expose their brand identity in the form of seals and images. They give trust to the customers, apart from improving the brand image of the company. Overall, this builds the trust in the customers on your business and website. They will have a positive experience on the site.

Investing in the SSL certificates will reduce the future costs to be spent on your website. So, improve trust of your business and popularity with the help of SSL certificates.
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Dual Exhaust Systems for Cars

Automobiles especially cars can be upgraded with few modifications done to the engine. One of the modification involved in up gradation of the vehicles involved adding up of dual exhaust system. Increased combustion of the fuel enhances the engine to have better fuel efficiency, more power and higher speeds along with reduced pollution and longevity of the cars.

Components of dual exhaust system:

  • An exhaust system consists of a set of pipes that carry the exhaust gases away from the engine and release it to the outside environment.
  • Dual exhaust consists of 2 pipes connected to cylinder heads and the exhaust system unit which includes
    • Catalytic converter
    • Turbocharge
    • Muffler
    • Tail pipe
  • In dual exhaust systems they have the multiple pipe configurations with two pipes either placed on two side of the vehicle or both pipes at one end.

Working of exhaust system:

  • Engines of any automobile derives power by combustion of gases which take place inside the engine and the release of harmful gases are resulted.
  • Since the exhaust gases contain harmful or toxic components they are not directly released to the atmosphere and are treated before getting out.
  • The exhausted gases after their release reach the piping system of the exhaust system which usually include many pipes connected to various cylinders for collecting the exhaust gases.
  • From the pipes the gases enter the convertor where the elimination of the toxic materials occur which are present in the exhaust gases.
  • Later the exhaust is sent to the muffler where its function is to reduce the noise produced by the running engine.
  • Finally the exhaust gases leave the system through the tail pipe.

A dual exhaust system helps in improved engine efficiency and performance of the vehicle by filtering more exhaust gases away from the engine than an exhaust system. An average car has a horse power about 222 but by upgrading through a dual exhaust system the horse power is increased by 167 percent.

The increase of the horse power depends on various factors like:

  • Type of the engine
  • Equipment attached to the exhaust system
  • Diameter of the exhaust piping

Benefits of a dual exhaust system:

  • Increases horse power and efficiency: Due to increased engine efficiency and raised horse power the vehicle lag time in getting high speeds are reduced.
    • Dual exhaust quickly sends out the burnt gases away from the engine and more oxygen is brought in fro making the engine to reach peak performance.
  • Increased sound options: Along with increased efficiency and horse power dual exhaust systems lower down the booming sound produced due to engine.
  • Increased fuel economy: Dual exhaust does not need to work hard to push the gases out and bring in fresh air which leads to increased fuel economy by making it to make better use of power and produce more energy.
  • Saves the engine: installing a dual exhaust system also keeps the engine cool and increases the longevity of the engine. Due to the continuous flow of fresh air in the temperature is kept down by pulling away the hot gases at a faster rate

Dual exhaust system enhances the performance of the vehicle in various ways. Vehicle owners will gin increase in engine efficiency and horse power. Compared to the exhaust system dual exhaust provides with raised performance, increased fuel economy, engine longevity and reduced pollution.
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