Gingivitis which is also known as gum disease is nothing but periodontal disease. This is caused by bacterial infection in the mouth. All the gum diseases may not lead to periodontics. When the gum diseases are not treated in early stages it advances to periodontics.

The person whose bone and inner layer of the gums are pulled away leading to debris and infections leads to periodontics.

Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • Bad breath from the mouth
  • Bleeding, swollen, tender and red gums
  • Pain while chewing
  • Sensitive and loose teeth
  • Deep pockets between the gums and the teeth
  • Bleeding during brushing

Non-surgical treatment for periodontal disease:
At the early stage of periodontal disease this non-surgical treatment can be carried out. This is also called as root scaling or planning. This treatment will help you prevent the problem that may rise in the future, like loss of bone and gum tissues. The treatment is carried out with the following steps:

Once the person is effected with periodontal disease he must consult the dentist. The dentist will check whether the person is in early stages of periodontal disease or not. If he is in the early stages then the non-surgical treatment helps the patient otherwise he has to go for surgical treatment.

The non-surgical treatment includes scaling and root planning:

  • At first to reduce the infection or the inflammation under the gum line, deep cleaning is done which removes the plaque and tartar from the periodontal pockets. This will smoothen the teeth root.
  • Applying de-sensitising and fluoride solutions
  • Regular cleaning and maintenance
  • Wearing of night guards
  • Soft tissue biopsy

Steps to prevent periodontal disease:
If you are at the early stages of gingivitis get it treated as soon as possible. Below are a few steps to prevent the disease:

  • Brush teeth gently twice a day
  • Floss regularly to remove plaque from the mouth
  • If you have the habit of smoking avoid it
  • Visit your dentist regularly

These steps will help you prevent periodontal disease caused by gingivitis or gum diseases in the mouth.